On state of the art research trends in albania regarding digitalization. Automation and sustainable development


  • Dimitrios A. Karras




Sustainable development is nowadays a key concern and major issue in scientific, political and decision making discussions in national and international organizations, enterprises and societies at all levels. Moreover, it has been emerged as a major multidisciplinary research field for all sciences including formal sciences, natural sciences, engineering and technology, applied sciences as well as economics and social sciences. On the other hand, the role of digitalization and automation as engines of the transformation of business, economies and societies to meet the currently defined sustainability goals is critical. Therefore, there is increased coupling between digitalization, automation and sustainability in terms of multidisciplinary research studies worldwide. In the herein research effort the goal is to analyze this emerging coupling by investigating state of the art research efforts in these multidisciplinary fields with regards to the Albania case. The investigation of such state of the art trends spans the years after 2015, since very few studies were conducted before, especially in Albania. But worldwide too, if it is considered that the term sustainable development was defined unofficially in 1972 and officially in 1987 and only during the last decade systematic research studies started appearing.


Sustainable development, digitalization, digital transformation, automation, research in Albania


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Dimitrios A. Karras

*Lecturer, Faculty of Engineering, Canadian Institute of Technology (CIT), Tirana, Albania


  1. • Reis, J., Amorim, M., Melão, N., & Matos, P. (2018). Digital transformation: a literature review and guidelines for future research. Trends and Advances in Information Systems and Technologies: Volume 1 6, 411-421.

  2. • Teichert, R. (2019). Digital transformation maturity: A systematic review of literature. Acta universitatis agriculturae et silviculturae mendelianae brunensis.

  3. • Ziyadin, S., Suieubayeva, S., & Utegenova, A. (2020). Digital transformation in business. In Digital Age: Chances, Challenges and Future 7 (pp. 408-415). Springer International Publishing.

  4. • Ivančić, L., Suša Vugec, D., & Bosilj Vukšić, V. (2019). Robotic process automation: systematic literature review. In Business Process Management: Blockchain and Central and Eastern Europe Forum: BPM 2019 Blockchain and CEE Forum, Vienna, Austria, September 1–6, 2019, Proceedings 17 (pp.280-295). Springer International Publishing.

  5. • Dey, C., & Sen, S. K. (Eds.). (2020). Industrial automation technologies. CRC Press.

  6. • Tomor, Z., Meijer, A., Michels, A., & Geertman, S. (2019). Smart governance for sustainable cities: Findings from a systematic literature review.

  7. Journal of urban technology, 26(4), 3-27.

  8. • Arroub, A., Zahi, B., Sabir, E., & Sadik, M. (2016, October). A literature review on Smart Cities: Paradigms, opportunities and open problems. In

  9. International conference on wireless networks and mobile communications (WINCOM) (pp. 180-186). IEEE.

  10. • Howarth, R. B. (1997). Defining sustainability: An overview. Land Economics, 445-447.

  11. • da Cunha Bezerra, M. C., Gohr, C. F., & Morioka, S. N. (2020). Organizational capabilities towards corporate sustainability benefits: A systematic literature review and an integrative framework proposal. Journal of Cleaner Production, 247, 119114.

  12. • Arowoshegbe, A. O., Emmanuel, U., & Gina, A. (2016). Sustainability and triple bottom line: An overview of two interrelated concepts. Igbinedion University Journal of Accounting, 2(16), 88-126.

  13. • Alvino, F., Di Vaio, A., Hassan, R., & Palladino, R. (2021). Intellectual capital and sustainable development: A systematic literature review. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 22(1), 76-94.

  14. • Dos Santos, P. H., Neves, S. M., Sant’Anna, D. O., de Oliveira, C. H., & Carvalho, H. D. (2019). The analytic hierarchy process supporting decision making for sustainable development: An overview of applications. Journal of cleaner production, 212, 119-138.

  15. • Halkos, G., & Gkampoura, E. C. (2021). Where do we stand on the 17 Sustainable Development Goals? An overview on progress. Economic Analysis and Policy, 70, 94-122.




How to Cite

Karras, D. (2023). On state of the art research trends in albania regarding digitalization. Automation and sustainable development. CRJ, 1(1), 20–39. https://doi.org/10.59380/crj.v1i1.2753