British Travelers and British Travel Writing

Authors

  • Dalila Karakaҫi Department of English Language, Faculty of Foreign Languages Luigj Gurakuqi University of Shkodra, Albania 0000-0002-4074-224X

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7336/academicus.2023.28.11

Abstract

The Grand Tour played an important role in the education of the aristocratic British youth. Several requirements served for its classical qualification. The Tour lasted from some months to some years. Travelers’ individual choices, spread of diseases, priority to special places, as well as historical events shaped the travel plan. The Tour changed its classical denotation in the 19th century, reflecting a radical social transformation in the British society. The middle class would be engaged in travelling beyond the borders of the British territory. The Romantic traveler of the 19th century differers from the classic traveler of the Grand Tour, stressing heroism and bravery, avoiding scenic descriptions. These travelers resembled the explorer. A term introduced by the Romantics. The dense narrative produced in this period would permit the British public to become familiar with unalike people, experiences, and lands. There are five travellers that visited the Albanian land in the first half of 19th century, during British Romanticims. Dodwell, Hughes, Martin Leake, Urquhart and Best published works mentioning the Albania theme, people, culture, nature, geography. Dodwell’s work is significant because of classical archeology. T.S. Hughes gives information about Ali Pasha and his mystical figure. Topographical data on the Albanian population, customs, and traditions are introduced in Leake’s book. Urquhart looks at the Orient from a philosophical viewpoint. A work about hunting, natural beauty, customs, traditions is written by Best. Therefore, their books give essential information about the country in the first half of this century. 

Keywords:

Grand Tour, romanticism, British travel writing, Albania,

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References

  1. Best, J.J. (1842), Excursions in Albania, Wm. H. Allen and Co., London.

  2. Black, J. (2011), The British and the Grand Tour, Routledge Revivals, London.

  3. Byron, L. (1832), Childe Harold´s Pilgrimage, J. Murray, London.

  4. Dodwell, E. (1819), A Classical and Topographical Tour through Greece, Rodwell &Martin, London.

  5. Fulford, T., Kitson, P., Lee, D. (2004), Literature, Science and Exploration in the Romantic Era: Bodies of Knowledge, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  6. Fussell, P. (1980), Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

  7. Hughes, T.S. (1820), Travels in Sicily, Greece and Albania, Vols I-.II. J. Mawman, London.

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  10. Leake, W.M. (1835), Travels in Northern Greece, Vol.1, J. Rodwell, London.

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  12. Stabler, J. (2000), ‘Byron’s Digressive Journey’. In Amanda Gilroy (Ed.), Romantic Geographies: Discourses of Travel 1775–1844 (pp.223-39). Manchester University Press, Manchester.

  13. Sweet, R. (2012), Cities and the Grand Tour: The British in Italy, c.1690–1820, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

  14. Sweet, R., Gerrit, V., Goldsmith, S. (2017), Beyond the Grand Tour, Routledge, New York.

  15. Thompson, C. (2007), The Suffering Traveller, Claredon Press, Oxford.

  16. Turner, K. (2001), British Travel Writers in Europe 1750–1800: Authorship, Gender and National Identity, Aldershot.

  17. Urquhart, D. (1838), The Spirit of the East Illustrated in a Journal of Travels through Roumeli during an Eventful Period, Vol.II., Henry Colburn, London.

  18. Wordsworth, D. (1997), Recollections of a Tour Made in Scotland, New Haven.

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Published

2023-07-17

How to Cite

Karakaҫi D. (2023) “British Travelers and British Travel Writing”, Academicus International Scientific Journal. Vlora, Albania, 14(28), pp. 191–199. doi: 10.7336/academicus.2023.28.11.